Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development

Tata Motors and MAHLE partner together to develop a prototype Secondary Loop Mobile Air Conditioning System on a vehicle

13 July 2017Tata Motors Limited and MAHLE, one of the world’s 20 largest suppliers to the automotive industry, have signed a joint development agreement for designing and developing a Secondary Loop Mobile Air Conditioning System (SL–MAC), under the aegis of United Nations Environment. MAHLE and Tata Motors, along with the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development (IGSD), which is coordinating the project, received funding for developing the SL-MAC system from the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), a global initiative to support fast action and make a difference in the areas of climate, public health, and food and energy security. This project envisages use and trial of environment friendly, low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants HF01234yf (ASHRAE A2L) and HFC-152a (ASHRAE A2).

A team comprising of representatives of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), the Mobile Air Conditioning Society Worldwide (MACS), the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL), MAHLE, Tata Motors, and IGSD reviewed the newly constructed SL-MAC system and the prototype at the MAHLE Behr facility in Lockport, New York, USA, on 7 April 2017.

A Tata vehicle based on a new generation platform for utility vehicles, consisting of a more complex architecture with front and rear air conditioning system, has been selected for this joint development program. The SL–MAC system will first be installed in the Tata utility vehicle as a prototype. In the SL-MAC system, the alternative refrigerants first cool a secondary fluid/coolant, which in turn cools the air to comfortable temperatures inside the vehicle cabin. This process allows the safe use of slightly flammable refrigerants that have a low GWP and in turn achieves high cooling capacity, minimizing the losses and achieving an optimized overall thermodynamic efficiency in the process. This is in contrast to the conventional mobile AC system, where the cabin air is directly cooled by the refrigerant HFC-134a, which is ozone safe but has a high GWP.

According to Dr. Tim Leverton, Chief Technology Officer, Tata Motors – “Tata Motors has been at the forefront of innovation and is constantly working towards shaping the future of mobility. As a part of our R &D efforts, we are committed to pioneering and inventing solutions to a greener future in the auto industry and this initiative is a step in that direction. We are the first OEM in India who is developing and evaluating an SL-MAC system on a car, using environmentally friendly refrigerants. We are delighted to work with class leading global suppliers like MAHLE and institutions like IGSD to contribute to the United Nations Environment initiative.”

The new SL-MAC system, which is testing the low-GWP refrigerants, is expected to increase vehicle energy efficiency through engineering. This system will turn off the compressor during acceleration and will retain coolness when the compressor is inactive or the engine is turned off for a short duration, allowing rapid cool-down at re-start. In addition to the expected energy efficiency benefits (fuel saving of up to 3%), the SL-MAC system allows the use of refrigerants that should avoid flow into the vehicle cabin. The refrigerant never enters the passenger compartment and instead stays in the engine area. Only the coolant circulates through the interior air conditioning unit.

According to Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, PhD, Director of Research for IGSD – “The Secondary Loop System will permit the use of alternative refrigerants like HFC-152a (GWP of 138) and HFO-1234yf (GWP<1) which have much lower GWPs than the current most-commonly used refrigerant, HFC-134a (GWP of 1300). We will be comparing the life-cycle carbon footprint of HFC-152a – with a higher GWP offset by higher energy efficiency – to the carbon footprint of HFO-1234yf and we will be estimating the cost of manufacture and ownership for each system.”

The SL-MAC project is on schedule, as expected, with anticipated environmental and cost advantages to be determined in the next stages. The prototype will be tested on the Indian roads later in the third quarter of 2017, where long seasons of hot and humid weather and stop-start driving conditions make a secondary loop air conditioning system highly advantageous.

For further information, please contact:

MAHLE- Jeff Trent, Jeff.trent@us.mahle.com, +1-423-318-3124

MAHLE- Alma Zgodic, Alma.zgodic@us.mahle.com, +1-248-743-8045

IGSD- Dr. N. J. Sherman, nsherman@igsd.org,+1-434-409-0346

Tata Motors Limited- Communications, indiacorpcomm@tatamotors.com, +91 22-66657613

July 13, 2017 at 2:00 am | Press Releases | No comment

The Quest for a Better Air Conditioner

In a warming world, air conditioning must become super efficient


7 July 2017, Washington, D.C. –As the world prepares to replace current refrigerants with climate-friendly alternatives, there is an opportunity to increase energy efficiency of air conditioners and other cooling equipment, cutting air pollution and saving consumers money on their electricity bill.

The success of this dual strategy would avoid an additional 100 billion tons of CO2, while providing an expanding market for U.S. industry that has already invested in the development of climate friendly refrigerants in anticipation of the last year’s amendment to the Montreal Protocol that now mandates the phase down of current hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) refrigerants that is estimated to itself avoid up to 100 billion tons of CO2 or more.

Air conditioning (AC) use is responsible for a large and increasing fraction of electricity demand and peak load, particularly in large metropolitan cities in emerging economies and hot climates. For example, space cooling uses 40-60% of the summer peak electric load in Delhi, India. A simultaneous transition to the use of climate-friendly refrigerants in the world stock of room ACs with a ~30% improvement of efficiency would avoid peak load equivalent to over 1,500 power plants by 2030, reducing CO2 along with other air pollutants associated with AC use while minimizing cost.

These are the conclusions of a report for the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD) in Washington, DC and Paris written by researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.  The report, “Opportunities for Simultaneous Efficiency Improvement and Refrigerant Transition in Air Conditioning,” reviews the hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) and hydrofluorocarbons regulatory frameworks, energy efficiency standards, and labeling programs in 19 countries that account for roughly 65% of global AC demand.

Project Drawdown ranks the HFC transition as the single biggest climate mitigation opportunity available today, and now we can double that with the parallel AC efficiency strategy,” said Durwood Zaelke, President of IGSD. “Our ultimate goal with this tandem strategy is to avoid a full 1°C of warming by the end of the century.”

A $52 million Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program was established in the lead up the Kigali Amendment to help developing countries make the transition to more efficient cooling equipment while phasing down HFCs. The World Bank also announced a $1 billion loan fund to ramp up appliance efficiency while phasing down HFCs.

“Previous refrigerant transitions under the Montreal Protocol have catalyzed energy efficiency improvements of cooling appliances in the range of 30 to 60%, and the focused strategies identified here can do even more this time,” Zaelke added.

HCFCs and HFCs are used primarily as refrigerants in ACs and other refrigeration systems, and are the fastest growing category of greenhouse gases. They are super greenhouse gases that can be up to 4,000 times more potent warmers than CO2. In a warming world, global AC use is growing fast, driven by demand in emerging economies with hot climates and rising incomes that are also undergoing rapid urbanization and electrification.

The Parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed on a global schedule to phase down HFCs last October. Called the Kigali Amendment because it was agreed in the capital of Rwanda, this amendment will avoid nearly 100 billion tons of CO2 by 2050 and up to 0.5°C of warming by 2100.

“This report builds on our previous work in this field and identifies key opportunities to improve efficiency globally in tandem with the Montreal Protocol and keep costs low for consumers,” said lead researcher Dr. Nihar Shah at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, a DOE national laboratory managed and operated by The Regents of the University of California.

All 19 countries reviewed have energy efficiency improvement policies such as standards, labels in place, with minimum efficiency levels for the most common types of room ACs. Some of these policies, however, have not been revised for over 10 years, and the minimum efficiency levels can vary by more than a factor of two. Policy recommendations to address higher standards, costs, and the speed of policy development are described to ensure current and future market transformation programs produce the greatest benefit possible to consumers, producers, and the environment. Government procurement focusing on super efficient AC, and private buyers clubs that do the same by aggregating demand to drive up efficiency and drive down prices are other strategies, along with import/export restrictions.

IGSD’s Primer on Hydrofluorocarbons is here. The full LBNL report is here. LBNL’s earlier report on AC efficiency, Benefits of Leapfrogging to Superefficiency and Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants in Air Conditioning  (2015), is here.

July 7, 2017 at 5:58 am | Feature homepage, Press Releases | No comment

Élysée Palace Announces Opening of IGSD Office in Paris

IGSD Responds to President’s invitation to come to Paris to “Make the Planet Great Again” 

8 June 2017 Paris France– The Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD) became the first climate research group to accept French President Emmanuel Macron’s invitation to France to work together on the fight against climate change.

“This is the right place and the right time for fast climate mitigation alongside a President who has demonstrated he can respond to our global climate challenges with speed,” said Durwood Zaelke, IGSD President.

President Emmanuel Macron first extended the invitation in an official statement released June 1st by reiterating his commitment to fighting climate change and to the Paris Agreement. The invitation was extended to “all scientist, engineers, entrepreneurs, [and] responsible citizens” in efforts to come and work together in France on concrete solutions for “our planet, our environment.”

The following week IGSD proceed to opened a new office in Île Saint-Louis, Paris. The Palace of Élysée welcomed IGSD through a video interview with Maxime Beaugrand, IGSD Senior Law Fellow and French Native, and IGSD’s President, now viewed over 75 thousand times.

“We took this invitation to heart and with pride and determination we decided to move immediately to open our office,” said Ms. Beaugrand. “Faced with growing climate impacts, we believe that the world needs leadership that is clear, strong, and innovative. We believe President Macron can support IGSD’s fast mitigation campaign, including strengthening support for the Paris Agreement and the ratification of the Kigali Amendment,” she added.

In support of his climate strategy President Macron also launched the new website MakeOurPlanetGreatAgain.fr.

“We are rising to President Macron’s challenge to ‘make the Planet great again,” added Zaelke, “France is home to a host of leading climate institutions and we look forward to working together with them on fast mitigation solutions.” These institutions include the Clean Climate and Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI), the United Nation Environment’s OzonAction, and the International Energy Agency, among others.

IGSD’s main office is in Washington DC. Zaelke also teaches Climate Justice at the University of California, Santa Barbara, in the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, along with his IGSD colleague, Romina Picolotti, the former Minister of Environment from Argentina.

The original Élysée announcement can be found here (Facebook) and here (Twitter)

For Paris inquiries please contact Maxime Beaugrand- mbeaugrand@igsd.org, Tel: +33 687-690-044

June 14, 2017 at 11:32 am | Feature homepage, Press Releases | No comment

Arctic States Commit to Reduce Black Carbon Soot Up to 33 per cent

Reaffirm need for fast action to reduce black carbon and methane pollution, in addition to carbon dioxide

Fairbanks, Alaska– Arctic Council Ministers from Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia, and the United States set for the first time a collective goal to reduce black carbon emissions in the Arctic Region and stressed “the need for global action to reduce both long-lived greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants” in the Arctic.

Noting with concern that the pace and scale of continuing Arctic warming will depend on “future emissions of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants” the Council adopted the first Pan-Arctic report to achieve collective progress to reduce black carbon and methane emissions by both Arctic and Observer States. The Expert Group on Black Carbon and Methane; Summary of Progress and Recommendations report sets a goal to drastically reduce black carbon emissions by at least 25–33 percent below 2013 levels by 2025.

“The Arctic is the fastest-warming part of the planet, warming up roughly twice as fast as the rest of the globe,” said Durwood Zaelke, President of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development. “Protecting this rapidly warming region requires immediate, targeted action against the climate pollutants causing massive harm right now,” Zaelke added.

Black carbon and methane emissions reductions are a critical opportunity to cut the rate of global warming in half and to cut the rate of warming in the Arctic by two thirds over the next few decades. This will provide targeted protection for the most vulnerable peoples in addition to preserving glaciers, snow pack, and sea ice. The Expert Group report states that “reducing emissions of black carbon in the Arctic is a major and critical step towards protecting this region from climate damages.”

“Changes in the Arctic could deliver the global disaster we fear, and on a pace that is unmanageable,” said Zaelke. “The Arctic States’ commitment to reduce black carbon and methane emissions is a critical step to maintain the stability of the global climate system and protect those most at risk affected by climate change.”

Reducing short-lived climate pollutants to protect regions like the Arctic plays a critical role in protecting the rest of the global climate system, especially from accelerating climate feedbacks that are particular to the Arctic. Dangerous climate feedbacks have the potential to amplify global warming and unleash major global implications, including the melting of sea ice and snow pack that decreases albedo and increases absorption of solar radiation, the release of massive amounts of methane and carbon dioxide from thawing permafrost and ocean sediments, and the release of carbon dioxide and black carbon from increased boreal forest fires.

The Expert Group report recommends tackling emissions from four priority sectors with substantial warming impact on the Arctic– diesel-powered mobile sources, oil and gas methane leakage, venting and flaring, residential biomass combustion appliances, and solid waste disposal.

To slow the pace of warming over the next two to three decades, both globally and in the Arctic, reducing short-lived climate pollutant emissions is an essential complement to global action to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. In fact, the Expert Group reiterates global action on carbon dioxide and other long-lived greenhouse gases together with SLCPs offers the only path to achieve the internationally agreed goal, as set forth in the Paris Agreement to limit warming to “well below” two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and move towards 1.5 degrees Celsius.

A copy of the Fairbanks Declaration 2017 can be found here. The full report Expert Group on Black Carbon and Methane; Summary of Progress and Recommendations here. IGSD’s Primer on Short-Lived Climate Pollutants is here.

May 12, 2017 at 5:00 pm | Press Releases | No comment

New strategy needed to cut the rate of global warming in half by 2042 say top scientists

Fast action will also save lives, protect harvests and help meet Sustainable Development Goals


Washington, DC, May 5, 2017. Governments must urgently aim to cut the rate of global warming in half over the next 25 years, a group of leading climate scientists concludes today. Meeting this “near-term goal” would involve taking much more rapid action than is envisaged in the groundbreaking Paris Agreement, and require aggressively reducing emissions of short-lived climate pollutants along with long-lived carbon dioxide.

Writing in today’s issue of Science, the scientists – members of the Scientific Advisory Panel of the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, which brings together 52 governments, 17 intergovernmental organizations, and 45 NGOs – say that achieving the ambitious goal of slowing warming by 0.5 degree Celsius over the next quarter of a century is “plausible” and would have “many potential benefits” in tackling poverty, improving health and avoiding damage to crops besides reducing climate change.

The Paris Agreement, struck in December 2015, sets a long-term goal of keeping the increase in temperatures to well below two degrees centigrade above pre-industrial levels over the course of the 21st century and aims to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. But the scientists – from ten universities and leading bodies on four continents – conclude that, without a new strategy the warming increases are “likely to exceed 1.5 degrees C in the 2030s, and exceed two degrees C by mid-century”.

Such rapid temperature rises would also limit the ability of people – especially the poorest and most vulnerable – to adapt, increase damage to biodiversity which is particularly sensitive to the rate of climate change, and speed up damaging feedbacks, such as the way the melting of snow and ice darkens the Earth’s surface, causing it to absorb more heat.

“Speed really matters in climate change,” said Durwood Zaelke, President of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development. “Fast action could make the difference between living in a safe climate and suffering from uncontrollable impacts, not least from self-amplifying feedback mechanisms that risk irreversible and potentially catastrophic effects”.

“The proposed near-term goal would help focus global action towards immediately available opportunities to avoid disaster,” said co-author Nathan Borgford-Parnell, an IGSD Senior Law Fellow.

The Science paper adds that the key to meeting the goal will be in reducing the emissions of short-term climate pollutants that together cause about half of global warming and are up to thousands of times more potent, pound for pound, than carbon dioxide. Cutting them would have particularly rapid results because they last only weeks to months in the atmosphere, compared to centuries for much of carbon dioxide emissions.

The new paper proposes cutting emissions of one of these short-lived pollutants, methane, by some 75 percent, and another – black carbon, or soot – by some 25 per cent, by around 2030, so as to reach the goal. And it also relies on eliminating high-warming hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) through quickly ratifying and implementing an amendment to the Montreal Protocol to this end agreed in Kigali last year, which itself can avoid up to 0.5 Celsius by the end of the century.

The strategy would also save lives and crop harvests since black carbon kills some seven million people through air pollution each year, and methane gives rise to ground-level ozone which damages crops and health. The scientists say that it would also cut the cost of meeting the Paris targets and help to achieve the internationally agreed Sustainable Development Goals.

“If we do not implement near-term strategies and only focus on long-term goals we will miss the opportunity to achieve multiple benefits and reduce premature deaths, avoid millions of tonnes of reduced crop yield and avoid climate-related impacts that will be associated with rapid increases in temperature,” said Dr. Drew Shindell, Professor of Climate Science at Duke University and the paper’s lead author.

“It matters because damages due to climate change are already upon us, affecting the health and livelihoods of those alive today and challenging our ability to meet the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. It matters because the rate of warming in the near-term affects the rate of crop failure in developing countries, and the rate of sea-level rise –  and policies to slow the rate have dramatic effects for food security and air quality.”

Johan Kuylenstierna, Policy Director of the Stockholm Environment Institute, added: “Having a near-term goal that achieves benefits across multiple objectives and across multiple parts of the government can motivate action, focus effort and coordinate policy.”

Find the full paper here.

May 4, 2017 at 4:20 pm | Feature homepage, Press Releases | No comment

Watch: TIME Magazine Names Montreal Protocol Atmospheric Scientist Dr. Guus Velders Among Most Influential People of 2017

April 21, 2017 at 11:38 am | Feature homepage, News | No comment

TIME Magazine Names Montreal Protocol Atmospheric Scientist Dr. Guus Velders Among Most Influential People of 2017

Played key role in phasing out one of the six main greenhouse gasses

Washington DC– TIME Magazine has named Dutch scientist Dr. Guus Velders one of the 100 most influential people for 2017 for research that helped smooth the way to amend the 1987 Montreal Protocol to strengthen its role fighting global warming by eliminating warming from hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), one of the most potent of the six main greenhouse gases, over the next several decades. (Leonardo DiCaprio wrote TIME’s entry on Velders.)

Working with a small, international group of scientists, Velders calculated that up to 0.5° Celsius of warming could be avoided by reducing HFCs, powerful short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) used primarily as refrigerants for air conditioners and other cooling equipment. This and similar analysis provided the scientific foundation for the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol agreed on 15 October 2016 in Rwanda to phase out HFCs with high global warming potential.

“The Kigali Amendment is the single largest contribution to date to keep warming below the 2° Celsius guardrail”, said Durwood Zaelke, President of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD), a policy group in Washington DC. “It’s safe to say that the world wouldn’t have achieved this without Velders and his team.”

The 2° Celsius target is the outer limit set by the Paris climate agreement, which aims to limit warming to no more than 1.5° Celsius. Without the HFC amendment, the carbon budget—the amount of carbon dioxide we can still emit before hitting the 2° Celsius guardrail—would have been reduced by 30 to 60 percent.

The Montreal Protocol will celebrate its 30th anniversary in November in Montreal, when the Kigali Amendment is expected to enter into force. Prior to the Kigali Amendment, the treaty has phased out nearly 100 chemicals that both destroy the stratospheric ozone layer and warm the climate.  As a result, the protective ozone layer is on the way to recovery by 2065, and climate warming that otherwise would have equaled the contribution of carbon dioxide has been prevented.

“Dr. Guus Velders earned this TIME Magazine honor with his extraordinary scientific proof that phasing down HFCs will avoid up to 0.5° Celsius of warming,” said Dr. Stephen O. Andersen, IGSD’s Director of Research. “By my count, Dr. Velders was lead author or co-author of half of the scientific studies that persuaded Parties to amend the Montreal Protocol.”

In December 2016 Velders was recognized by Nature as one of the ten people who mattered this year. He works at National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).

Further information on the Kigali Amendment is here.

IGSD’s Primer on HFCs is here.

Velders publications include:


April 20, 2017 at 9:20 am | Press Releases | No comment

Momentum Stalls in Marrakech, Despite Plea for Urgent and Ambitious Action

18 November 2016, Marrakech – “We lost a step in Marrakech that we couldn’t afford,” said Durwood Zaelke, President of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development, from Marrakech where he was attending the negotiations. “Climate impacts are accelerating. We’re already at 1°C and moving fast towards 1.5°C likely in the next 15 years when we’ll face a cluster of tipping points that are expected to hit between 1.5°C and 2°C.  We need to accelerate the speed of our solutions as well as our ambition if we want to keep the climate safe.”

After a year of rapid progress following last December’s breakthrough Paris Agreement – including ratification by 111 countries bringing it into force in record time, and groundbreaking agreements last month on phasing down warming HFC refrigerants and on limiting emissions from aircraft – the meeting was supposed to produce both a celebration and an acceleration of action. But the champagne that flowed in Paris went flat after the US election, and the formal negotiations struggled in Marrakech to retain their forward movement.

There has, however, been encouraging progress outside the formal proceedings with individual nations from China to Chile describing ambitious plans to cut emissions and US states from California to Vermont making it clear that they will continue to accelerate action to limit climate change, whatever policies emanate from Washington.

Countries from around the world have made it clear that the move to a global low-carbon economy is now irreversible, including, 48 vulnerable countries vowing to move to 100% clean energy as soon as possible. And a new international collaborative initiative among developed and developing countries set out to accelerate the transformation of the global energy system by promoting initiatives on renewables and energy efficiency.

But time is short and the challenge is speed. “Climate impacts are continuing to accelerate—the Arctic is a frightening 20°C above normal—and we’ve got to accelerate our solutions.  You can’t solve a fast moving problem with slow moving solutions,” said Zaelke.

The goal of the Paris Agreement is to keep warming under 2°C, aiming for 1.5°C.  “We need to improve our aim if we’re going to have any realistic chance of hitting the1.5°C target in the next 15 years and avoiding the cluster of 18 tipping points between 1.5°C and 2°C,” said Zaelke.

Fast action to cut short-lived climate pollutants is essential to slow warming in the near-term and staying below 1.5°C.  Cutting these pollutants—black carbon, methane, and HFCs—can cut the rate of warming in half, and the Arctic warming by two-thirds.  This was the message of a paper launched at COP22 earlier in the week, “Under 2 Degrees Celsius: Fast Action Policies to Protect People & the Planet from Extreme Climate Changes.”  The High-Level Summary, now open for public comment, was organized by Professor V. Ramanathan at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Nobel Laureate Mario Molina, and Zaelke, and written by over thirty experts in climate science, economics, policy, and national security, from China, EU, India, UK and US, presenting a new approach to stay below 2ºC aiming for 1.5°C, and thus avoid extreme and unmanageable climate changes.

The US “Mid-Century Strategy for Deep Depcarbonization” released this week also highlights the immediate need to reduce non-CO2 SLCPs such as methane and HFC refrigerants, and emphasized that action on climate change is “a pro-growth economic strategy.”

The final COP22 decision documents are here.

November 19, 2016 at 11:28 am | Press Releases | No comment

The Marrakech Global Partnership on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency launched in COP 22


At the end of the second week of climate negotiations at COP 22, where one of the major outcomes will focus on reducing gaps between developed and developing countries in term of energy access, capacity building and technology transfer, a new international collaborative initiative was launched at the Moroccan Pavilion to support collaboration and exchange between international and regional climate change initiatives. Initiated in Bonn by Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States (SIDS), African Group (AGN), Morocco, Sweden, confirmed in New York during the climate week in September 2016 and encouraged by other initiatives such as SE4ALL .

The Marrakech Global Partnership on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (MGPREEE) is a forum to consolidate outcomes in the energy sector from COP21 and COP22 and accelerate the transformation of the global energy system by helping initiatives on renewable energy and energy efficiency to:

  • Share information and best practices
  • Identify key policy drivers
  • Build synergies to improve effectiveness
  • Build capacity to operate efficiently
  • Avoid duplication of efforts
  • Enhance transparency and communications
  • Identify gaps and enhancing institutional capacity
  • Enable the scaling up of finance and actions
  • Set the stage for implementation of NDCs in the energy sector
The MGPREEE, as an umbrella of initiatives IEEI, AREI, LDC_REEEI, SIDS_IRIE, CAIS, Other initiatives, will assist:
  • African countries by advancing their proposal for a global renewable energy partnership and continental initiative
  • SIDS by scaling up support for the Lighthouse Initiative and other initiatives
  • LDCs by extending support to non-African LDCs while building on the lessons learned by African LDCs from AREI
  • Other developing countries in Asia and Latin America as part of their pre- and post-2020 actions
  • All countries, initiatives and stakeholders to explore synergies and provide a forum for ongoing dialogue and discussion

The IEEI, as a pillar of MGPREEE, aims to promote rapid global diffusion of energy efficiency and small-scale renewable energy best practices as a way to support efforts to achieve the ambitious targets of the Paris Agreement. Improving energy efficiency can not only foster better consumption and help meet higher demand for energy without the need to substantially increase supply, it also leads to reducing GHG emissions and could represent more than the half way to reach the objective of 1,5 to 2°C.

The content of this post came from a COP22 announcement   

November 18, 2016 at 5:03 pm | News | No comment

US Announces Pro-Economic Growth Strategy for Mid-Century Decarbonization

16 November 2016, Marrakech – A new report, published today at the climate talks in Marrakech, presents President-Elect Trump with one of his first, and most radical challenges.  In the US Mid-Century Strategy for Deep Decarbonisation, the outgoing administration lays out a “strategy to deeply decarbonise” the economy, by reducing the nation’s emissions of greenhouse gases by 80 per cent by 2050, while boosting growth and jobs.

Describing “ambitious and sustained” action on climate change as “a pro-growth economic strategy” the report notes that US greenhouse gas emissions have declined by nine percent between 2008 and 2015 while the US economy grew by ten percent, proving that emissions can co-exist with a growing economy. It adds, “the world’s largest economies recognize that scaling up low carbon technologies is an economic opportunity. By investing in low carbon solutions American companies and workers can lead the clean energy and low carbon global economy of the 21st century.”

Durwood Zaelke, President of the Institute for Governance and Sustainable Development said. “President-elect Trump has a mandate to increase growth in the US economy. He will have his own ideas on how to do it but, as he will no doubt understand, embracing the low carbon future is not just about climate change, but about cleaning up the air and increasing American’s prosperity and wellbeing.”

“China and other major economies are forging ahead basing future growth on 21st century technologies, like clean renewable energy, rather than trying to cling on to 19th century ones. The Trump administration should help lead this new industrial revolution, rather than leaving it to our competitors.”

In an ongoing collaboration with Mexico, Canada, non-governmental and private sector, the strategy released today identifies three major categories of action for achieving deep economy-wide net greenhouse gas emissions reductions. These categories include transitioning to a low-carbon energy system, carbon remove and sequestration largely from maintaining and expanding our forests and other landscapes, and reducing non-CO2 short-lived climate pollutants such as methane and HFC refrigerants.

In October 2016, the US worked with nearly 200 other countries to adopt an amendment under the Montreal Protocol to phase down the production and consumption of HFCs, which could avoid up to 0.5°C warming by 2100. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory calculates that moving to super-efficient air conditioning and other appliances during the refrigerant transition has the potential to double the climate benefits.

The US report cited areas for further near-term ambition actions on HFCs, including calling for measures to address existing stock of refrigerators and air conditioners, which already contain HFCs and have potential to leak into the atmosphere over the coming decades, additional RD&D support to ensure new alternatives to HFCs continue to enter the market, and working with partners in the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), launched in 2012, to promote climate-friendly alternatives and standards for HFCs.

Earlier this week at COP22 a group of by over thirty experts in climate science, economics, policy, and national security launched a report emphasizing the need for fast global action including through sister agreements much like the Montreal Protocol.

The “Under 2 Degrees Celsius: Fast Action Policies to Protect People & the Planet from Extreme Climate Changes” high-level summary released on Monday takes a new approach to staying below 2°C and thus avoid extreme and unmanageable climate changes.  The report identifies 4 building blocks for climate policy success and 10 scalable solutions implemented through multi- dimensional and multi-sectoral methods to get the global economy and society to achieve rapid reductions in short-lived climate pollutants by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality and climate stability by 2050.

See also:

Breathing Cleaner Air: Ten Scalable Solutions for Indian Cities


Climate and Security Working Group International’s Statement on Climate Change and Security


Press inquiries please contact: Katie Fletcher – kfletcher@igsd.org


November 16, 2016 at 9:19 am | Press Releases | No comment

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