IGSD

Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development

China’s Industry Green Development Plan Incorporates Actions to Address Non-CO2 Climate Pollutants


On 15 November 2021, the China Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the 14th Five-Year Plan on Industry Green Development (“Plan”). The Plan provides key targets, action items, and mechanisms for the green transformation of China’s industrial sectors. These sectors will play a significant role in achieving China’s goals of peaking carbon emissions before 2030 and reaching carbon neutrality before 2060.

Key targets in the Plan

The Plan’s targets include:

  • Reducing CO2 emissions per unit of added industrial value by 18% by 2025;
  • Reducing the emissions intensity of major pollutants in key industries by 10% by 2025;
  • Increasing the comprehensive reutilization rate of bulk industrial solid waste to 57% by 2025; and
  • Reaching “international advanced levels” by 2025 with respect to the energy efficiency of crude steel, cement, ethylene, and other key industrial sectors.

The Plan also addresses emissions of non-CO2 climate pollutants

Of particular note, the Plan calls for:

  • Implementing the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer to phase down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs);
  • Launching the next-phase management plan for phasing out hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in key sectors, including polyurethane foam, extrusion-based styrene foam, and industrial and commercial air conditioning sectors;
  • Promoting the recycling and reuse of industrial solid waste and waste water;
  • Advancing the clean production transformation of key industrial sources of emissions of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in order to achieve the synergistic control of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone emissions; and
  • Developing and deploying technologies for reutilization of agricultural waste such as crop straw and livestock waste for energy generation.

To ensure implementation, the Plan also calls for strengthening regulatory requirements through amendment of statutes and promulgation of regulations, as well as increasing financial incentives for industry green transformation.

International cooperation also plays a part in the Plan. The Plan promotes the cooperation and exchange with relevant international organizations in the field of green manufacturing, the development of a green Belt and Road Initiative, the expansion of green trade, and accelerated internationalization of standards and certification for, and labelling of green products.

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