Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development

Press Releases

Mobile Air Conditioning, Lowest Cost Alternative Refrigerant Identified

March 8, 2019

Implemented in a new design called Secondary Loop Mobile Air Conditioning (SL-MAC), the lowest cost alternative refrigerant to HFC-134a has been identified as R-152a. This improved refrigerant is more energy efficient and requires less routine maintenance. read more


Dumping of Obsolete Air Conditioners Undermines Development and Climate Goals

January 9, 2019

Inefficient ACs dumped into other countries overload energy resources, undermining national and local efforts to manage energy, environment, health, and climate goals, according to new analysis published in the Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum. read more


Global Agreement to Phase Down HFCs Enters into Force

January 3, 2019

On 1 January 2019 the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol entered into force, mandating the phase down of super climate pollutants HFCs. The amendment has been ratified by 65 parties. read more


Global warming will happen faster than we think

December 5, 2018

From developments in renewable energy, to the growing capacity of energy-storage systems and the adoption of electric vehicles, global action taken to combat rising temperatures has undoubtedly come a long way. But as climate impacts mount, little time remains to ramp up the necessary ambition to limit temperatures to 1.5°C. read more


Montreal Protocol Aims High in Quito to Avoid 1º C of Future Warming

November 10, 2018

At the conclusion of the annual meeting of the Montreal Protocol, the Parties took their strongest action yet to increase energy efficiency of cooling equipment in parallel with the mandated phase down of HFC refrigerants under the Kigali Amendment read more


Scientists Confirm Ozone Layer Healing Thanks to Montreal Protocol

November 5, 2018

The Montreal Protocol—the only treaty with universal membership of all UN countries—is continuing to heal the protective stratospheric ozone layer and also protecting the climate, a key scientific assessment concludes today. read more


Dangerous Demand for Air Conditioning

October 19, 2018

The efficiency of ACs needs to double in little over two decades as part of a drive to give the world a chance of avoiding dangerous climate change, the IEA reports. Otherwise, the growing demand for cooling and the fossil fuel needed to feed that demand will cause still more warming in a dangerous feedback loop, even as it saves lives, creates wealth, and improves education in the world’s hottest countries. read more


Entre la esperanza y el abismo: Informe Especial de Naciones Unidas sobre un Planeta con un incremento de 1.5°C de temperatura

October 7, 2018

El informe especial del Panel Intergubernamental Sobre Cambio Climático sobre las consecuencias de un Planeta a 1.5°C de temperatura o un Planeta a 2°C es un mensaje de esperanza, pero con una clara advertencia: si seguimos en la trayectoria actual caminamos hacia el abismo.  read more


As World Warms, Millions More Need Cooling (and This Could Cause More Warming)

July 16, 2018

As the world warms up, the growing use of ACs and other cooling equipment will accelerate, and the extra energy needed to power the equipment will itself increase global warming. Two authoritative reports published this week grapple with how to break this vicious circle, and keep people cool without heating the planet. read more


Prestigious Sustainable Development Prize Awarded to Pioneering Climate Scientists Ramanathan and Hansen

June 18, 2018

Today the Tang Prize for Sustainable Development 2018 was awarded to Professor V. Ramanathan and Dr. James Hansen recognizing their pioneering work on climate change and its impact on the sustainability of the earth. read more


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